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【中学作文】记叙文写作如何“变换叙事人称”_初中生记叙文写作指导_初中作文指导

作者: 互联网 时间: 2019-04-24

  记叙文写作如何“变换叙事人称”_初中生记叙文写作指导_初中作文指导

  记叙文写作如何变换叙事人称_初中生记叙文写作指导

  与传统的小说家不同,西方现代小说家们在意的似乎不是故事本身,而是如何讲述故事。他们不再满足于单一的叙事人称,而是尝试着不同叙事人称的变换使用。比如杜拉斯的著名作品《情人》。这部小说的线索明暗交织,明写少女与她的情人相遇相爱的故事,暗以我现在或在事情之前或之后的心理感受为牵引。前者为以她第三人称为叙述对象,后者以我的叙述者身份说话。虽然用了两种人称,但由于在第一人称和第三人称之间转换得游刃有余,所以非但看不出故事的破绽,反而有一种直抵人心的力量。我们认为,记叙文(尤其是叙事类的记叙文)写作完全可以借鉴这种变换叙事人称的写法。

  叙事学上的一句名言虽无新鲜的故事,但永远有新鲜的嘴唇。我国著名的现代作家废名曾经说过类似的话,故事不重要,重要的是讲述故事的方式。应该说,很多人的审美情趣都是建立在欣赏故事之上的,所以无论故事本身再怎么好再怎么精彩,也都在读者的阅读期待之内。况且当前的中学生的记叙文写作由于多采用单一的叙事人称,早已使读者产生了审美疲劳。假如我们剑走偏锋,在叙事人称上多下些功夫,或许会收到意想不到的效果。


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