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【高中作文指导】托物寓理说理形象

作者: 互联网 时间: 2018-09-23
高中议论文写作方法:托物寓理说理形象_高中作文指导
托物寓意,是散文和诗歌常用的表现手法之一。作者把抽象的思想情感和生活哲理巧妙地寄托在具体的物象之中,达到凝练含蓄、情感蕴藉的文学效果。从教材中我们不时可以阅读到这样的文章。《白杨礼赞》是托物寓意的写作范例,描写了西北极普通的白杨树的形貌和精神气质,揭示了白杨树所象征的华北抗日军民的顽强意志和斗争精神,抒发了对抗日军民的由衷赞美之情。《我的空中楼阁》借助于栖居的小屋寄托了作者热爱自由快乐的生活,保持独立人格的思想感情。《病梅馆记》借写梅揭示了压制人才、摧残人才的社会现实, 拜泉县,借梅表达了解除人才束缚、恢复人才生机、解放人才个性、改革沉闷政局的强烈愿望,充分展示出作者要不顾一切来疗梅、护花的自我牺牲精神。

托物寓意,可以使文章含蓄蕴藉,充盈着诗情画意的美。

议论文中也可以借助这种方法论证说理。议论文中的托物寓理,可以使说理形象生动,增添文章的哲理美和形象美。

在华夏文化的长河中,我们的母语中积淀了许多优美的诗文名句,如泰山不让土壤,故能成其大;河海不择细流,故能就其深。老骥伏枥,志在千里;烈士暮年,壮心不已。梅须逊雪三分白,雪却输梅一段香。沉舟侧畔千帆过,病树前头万木春。……这些名句,把物象和哲理巧妙融会在一起,达到了言简意赅的效果。

在这类诗文中,作者所借之物是表情传理的外壳,而情、理是这个外壳之下的精神内核。内外之间的联系纽带常常是拟人、象征手法。

其实,用审美的眼光去观照我们身边的事物,自然界中的不少物象蕴涵着丰富的生活哲理。

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